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众智博睿李文振老师精讲:易混淆的消防工程师考点总结

今天,中智博瑞老师李文珍根据消防工程师在考生准备考试中的反馈,一直困扰着几个消防工程师的考点,并对候选人进行了汇编和总结。你能看出你是否混淆了这些测试网站? p>

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总布局VS布局

这是案例研究考试中经常被测试的问题。如果您不理解,很可能会错误地回答这两个问题。去年有人遭受了损失。这在教科书中定义:

合理划分企业功能区划,确定建筑物的位置,设置必要的隔火距离,满足消防的基本要求。

平面布局:在建筑物内,合理布置一些特殊场所和重要设备室,以减少火灾隐患。

通俗地说,总体布局布局考察了地理位置,火道,上升操作地点,火灾间隔距离等;布局布局检查楼层位置,防火隔间和房间区域。

防火隔断VS防火墙VS防爆墙

防火隔断:建筑物内的不燃壁,防止火势蔓延到邻近区域,并具有不低于规定要求的耐火性。 (应注意3.00防火隔断墙,如工厂的C类液体储罐,爆炸性A类和B类工厂的分控室,锅炉房的储油室和柴油发电机组。房间,避难通道等,2.50h和2.00h摘要。)

防火墙:防止火势蔓延到邻近建筑物或邻近水平火区的不燃壁,防火性能不低于3.00h。注意4.00h防火墙(A,B和A,B,C仓库)的应用。

防爆墙:一种坚固的墙,当爆炸施加到墙壁的任何一侧并达到设计压力时(当办公室和休息室连接到相邻的建筑物和B级建筑物时),可以保持所需的保护性能。

Note: Class A fire doors should be used on the firewall, and Class A or Class B fire doors should be used on the fire partition wall.

Evacuation walkway VS refuge walkway

Evacuation walkway: refers to the passage of people in the building from the fire scene to a safe place in the event of a fire. The evacuation walkway should be set up to ensure that people who escape from the fire can continue to pass to the stairwell and reach the safe zone after entering the aisle.

Refuge aisle: refers to the fire prevention measures and fire-proof partitions with fire-resistance limit of not less than 3.00h on both sides for the safe passage of personnel to the outdoor walkway.

Positive deviation VS negative deviation

Positive deviation: larger than the specified value, such as fire zone, safe evacuation distance, etc.

Negative deviation: smaller than the specified value, such as fire separation distance, front room area, etc.

Residential and commercial building complexes vs residential buildings with commercial service outlets

The former is designed according to the fire protection of public buildings, while the latter is designed according to the fire protection of residential buildings.

Fire protection design requirements are as follows:

In addition to commercial service outlets, residential buildings and other buildings that use functional features should meet the following requirements:

Provisions.The provisions are separated.

3. The safe evacuation, fire compartment and indoor fire protection facilities of residential and non-residential parts may be implemented according to the provisions of this Code regarding residential buildings and public buildings according to their respective building heights; other fireproof design of the building shall be based on the construction The total height and the scale of the building shall be implemented in accordance with the provisions of this Code concerning public buildings.

xx对于有商业服务网点的住宅楼,防火限度不低于2.00h,无门,窗,开的防火隔断应与商业服务网点和1.50h不燃楼板完全隔开应完全分开。商业服务网点的安全出口和疏散楼梯应分开设置。在商业服务网点的每个分区单元之间,应使用不小于2.00h的防火限制,并且不得使用门,窗和开口的防火隔板。当每个分隔单元的占地面积大于200平方米时,该层应为两个安全出口或应设置疏散门。从每个分离单元的任何一点到最近的直线室外出口的直线距离不应大于从袋子走道两侧或末端的疏散门到最大直线的距离。距离表5.5另一栋建筑物最近的安全出口。距离。